How does domain name registration work?
domain name is the name of a website eg. www.yahoo.com
. Before you obtain this name as an internet address,
there are some stages you will have to go through.
think of a name, about three of them. Then check
if it is available. The internet does not allow
coincidence of names so if the name you want has
been chosen by somebody else, you cannot have. Why
is it so? Assuming, there are two websites on the
internet called www.yahoo.com and another is called
www.yahoo.comwhich is operated by different companies.
If a surfer goes to the net and types www.yahoo.com,
which one should be shown to the visitor? Or assume
Volunteers of America and Voice of America have
the same website acronym www.voa.com. Will you feel
comfortable if you want Voice of America and Volunteers
of American pops up on the screen? For this conflict
to be avoided there should be only one instance
of a domain name. Additionally, one single body
should be responsible for maintaining a database
of these names so it can be sure that no one else
had registered this name.
there are a lot of domain names but they all have
the basic parts. We have the name of the domain
, say yahoo and the .com is the tld or top level
domain. The tld describes the type of entity the
domain is. So .com stands for commercial., .net
stands for network,, . info stands for information,
.org stands for organization, .edu stands for education.,
.ac stands for academic etc. There are country domains
too like .jp for Japan, .
you register a domain name, actually you are obtaining
an IP address which is numeric in nature. A typical
IP address is 192.168.10.1 But humans can remember
names better than number so there is a machine that
translates this number into a name like www.yahoo.com.
If you need the site, you do not type the number
but the name. Also, companies will have to be identified
by their unique names so numbers will not serve
a good purpose.
identity is a very important feature in domain name
registration, and that is why some domains may have
to be reserved for certain reasons. For example,
www.usarmy.gov is a specialized domain and there
is only one such organization in the world. So a
name like this may have to be reserved. Otherwise,
somebody can register this name and make it unavailable
when the US government, the rightful owner, wants
it. Should a name be insincerely so obtained, we
say the one has registered the name in bad faith.
There are checks over this kind of activity.
body responsible for the registration of domain
names is called ICANN (Internet Corporation For
Assigned Names and Numbers). ICANN has a number
of accredited agents or registrars who register
various types of domains on its behalf.
you register the name , your details are kept on
a server. So users can access your web pages through
that address. So if anyone types your website address,.
the browser sends a request to the server holding
your details, then the web page is fetched for you.
you change a hosting service, you will have to provide
your new host with technical details relating to
where your domain name is located. The reason is
that, your website name, say www.you.com will have
to be matched to your numeric name (remember) residing
on a server at where you registered your domain.
We call this domain transfer.
you register a new domain, it will take about 72
hours to become available on the entire internet.
This is because the “news” of the registration
will have to broadcast across the net gradually.
As you await this broadcast, which is technically
called propagation, you will be given the machine
address of your website so you can access it. Normally,
after registration, the sign “under Construction”
will be put there awaiting full content.
domain name will expire after the length of period
you bought it for.. Actually we rent domain names,
we don’t buy. So it is important to renew
it. If you don’t, the name will become available
after expiry and someone else can buy it.
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